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Friday, December 1, 2023

Essential Nutrients Needed During Pregnancy : Ensuring A Healthy Pregnancy


Pregnancy is a special and amazing time for both the mother and her partner. It’s full of changes, feelings, and learning. Every woman’s pregnancy is different, but it can be a bumpy ride with many ups and downs, Nutrients needed during pregnancy play most crucial roll for both mother and baby health

The pregnancy has three parts called trimesters. Each one has its own challenges and experiences as the baby grows. It’s important to see a healthcare professional regularly who can check on both mother and baby. This can help prevent any problems that might happen during pregnancy.

pregnancy's infographic : Nutrients Needed During Pregnancy
pregnancy’s infographic : Nutrients Needed During Pregnancy

Pregnancy Trimesters

Pregnancy trimesters are three periods of time that mark the different stages of fetal development. Each trimester is required for women’s health, and nutrients needed during pregnancy are important for pregnant ladies. A full-term pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks, and each trimester is about 13 weeks long.

1st Trimester

The first trimester is from week 1 to week 13. This is when the baby’s organs and body parts start to form32. The mother may experience nausea, fatigue, breast tenderness, and other symptoms3.

2nd Trimester

The second trimester is from week 14 to week 27. This is when the baby grows bigger and stronger, and can move, kick, and hear. The mother may feel more energetic, but also have back pain, leg cramps, and other discomforts.

3rd Trimester

The third trimester is from week 28 to week 40 (or more). This is when the baby gets ready for birth by turning head-down and gaining weight. The mother may have trouble sleeping, breathing, and moving around as her belly grows bigger. She may also have contractions that prepare her for labor.

Nutrients needed during pregnancy

Pregnant woman taking vitamin pill

Let’s take a look at the chart that mentions the required nutrients needed during pregnancy and how they play a vital role in each trimester:

NutrientFirst Trimester (weeks 1-12)Second Trimester (weeks 13-27)Third Trimester (weeks 28-40+)
CalciumEssential for building strong bones and teeth for both mother and babyRequired for the continued growth and development of bonesHelps prevent bone loss in the mother and supports fetal bone growth
FolateHelps prevent birth defects of the brain and spineImportant for continued cell growth and developmentVital for preventing neural tube defects and supporting healthy brain function
IronHelps make hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the body’s tissuesNeeded for the development of the baby’s red blood cellsEssential for preventing anemia and supporting healthy immune function
ProteinEssential for building and repairing cells and tissues for both mother and babySupports the growth of the baby’s tissues and organsNeeded for the production of breast milk and supporting postpartum healing

Pregnant women need to eat well for their own health and their baby’s health. Here we have mentioned some important nutrients needed during pregnancy: calcium, folate, iron, and protein.

Calcium: Calcium helps build sturdy bones and enamel for each mom and child. It also helps the healthy functioning of the circulatory, muscular, and anxious systems. Pregnant ladies need at least 1,000 milligrams of calcium each day.

Folate: Folate (or folic acid) allows for delivery defects in the mind and backbone of the child. It additionally supports the production of pink blood cells and DNA. Pregnant ladies want six hundred to 800 micrograms of folate every day.

Iron: Iron makes hemoglobin, which includes oxygen in the blood to all parts of the body, such as the placenta and the baby. Iron additionally helps prevent anemia, which causes fatigue and weakness. Pregnant women need 27 milligrams of iron every day.

Protein: Protein helps build and restore cells and tissues for each mother and toddler. The nutrients needed during pregnancy are important for pregnant women. It additionally helps with breast and uterine tissue increases at some point in pregnancy. Protein additionally plays a role in growing the blood supply for both mom and baby. Pregnant girls want 70 to 100 grams of protein a day.

To sum up, In summary, pregnancy is a amazing event of joy, but it is important for expectant mothers to prioritize their own health and the health of their growing baby. includes prior care, mental health prioritization. By taking care of themselves and the nutrients needed during pregnancy expectant mothers can set themselves up for a healthy and happy pregnancy, birth, and postpartum period.

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